Mountaineering in Nepal

Feb 28, 2020/By Preeti Tiwari
Blog Image

Nepal is the land of paradise for people who love nature and want to enjoy it to the fullest. With 8 of the highest peak, including the highest mountain in the world Mt. Everest (8848 m), Mountaineering in Nepal is growing every year.

The primary source of Tourism in Nepal is the mountains that lie here. Mountaineering Tourism in Nepal in the present situation has 2nd highest rank. Besides rafting, rock climbing, mountain biking, hiking, etc. Mountaineering Tourism also falls under adventure Tourism in Nepal. 

History of Mountaineering Tourism in Nepal in Short


Everest, Kanchenjunga, Dhaulagiri, Manaslu, Makalu, Lhotse, Cho Oyo, and Annapurna are the eight highest peaks in the world that lies in Nepal, which are above 8000 meters. Going back to the history, among these mountains, Annapurna was the first in the list to be climbed by Maurice Herzog of France, who was the Trekking leader in 1950. Similarly, in 1953, Edmund Hillary and Tensing Norgay were the first to conquer the Everest summit, which was led by John Hunt. 

Mountaineering Tourism in Nepal was famous from those days when Edmund Hillary and Tensing Norgay climbed the Everest summit in 1953. After, this many people joined the Trekking and mountaineering company for mountaineering in Nepal. In Nepal, the mountaineering Industry was established since 1960 with the companies that provided support including guides and porters. Those days, it was hard to climb and took many days to finish one expedition. However, now many technological and logistic aspects related to climbing has been adopted by the local trekking companies which have made it a little more easier than the previous days.

After that climb of Edmund Hillary and Tensing Norgay in 1953, many started conquering the Everest Summit. Even there are some women who have done it. Looking upon the growing development of Mountaineering Tourism in Nepal, the government established the Nepal Mountaineering Association (NMA) on November 1, 1973. With the establishment of NMA, the mountaineering in Nepal is handled by NMA. The trekking companies need to submit the document of the people required who comes in Nepal for Mountaineering.

There are 326 other mountains too in Nepal for Expedition. Among them, only 103 have never been climbed before and are still to be climbed.


Facts about Mountaineering in Nepal:


There many interesting facts that you need to know before coming to Nepal for Expedition or mountaineering:

  • There are 1310 peaks in Nepal. 326 peaks opened for mountaineering and among them, 103 are still to be conquered.
  • The first mountain to climb in Nepal was Annapurna whish was successfully summited by Maurice Herzog of France, who was the Trekking leader in 1950.
  • The first people to climb Mount Everest were Sir Edmund Hillary and Tensing Norgay in 1953.
  • Annapurna in Nepal is the deadliest peak in the world for the expedition.
  • Some people went on an expedition to the Everest summit to get married.
  • Many people lose their life while going mountaineering in Everest and other difficult mountains in Nepal. Some people even get back from the middle whereas some people get lost and are still to be found.


The important thing that are Needed for Mountaineering trekking in Nepal:


You need to take care of many things while you come to Nepal for mountaineering. Here are some of the important things that you need for an expedition:


   Not to miss things:


  • Nepal visa
  • Travel Insurance
  • Permits required
  • Passport
  • Passport size photos
  • Traveler’s check or cards
  • Cash
  • Medicine if you are using regularly


     Gear Required


  • Ice ax
  • Carabineers
  • Rappel Device
  • Climbing Harness
  • Trekking Poles
  • Ascenders
  • Head Lamps
  • Slings
  • Crampons
  • Masks
  • Altimeter
  • Hoses
  • Climbing Helmet
  • Regulators


      Clothing and shoes required:


  • Long and short sleeve
  • Fleece Jacket
  • Pullovers
  • Down Jackets
  • Expedition grade Jackets
  • Wind and waterproof jackets
  • Pair of liners gloves
  • Mitten
  • Woolen hat
  • Scarf
  • Sun cap
  • Sunglasses
  • Face Mask
  • Pair of ski goggles
  • Undergarments (sweat resistance)
  • Walking trousers
  • Thermal pants
  • Fleece trousers
  • Breathable trouser or bibs
  • Down suit
  • Plastic boots
  • Hiking boots
  • Running shoes
  • Sandals
  • Booties
  • Woolen socks
  • Liner socks
  • Trekking socks


      Bags and sleeping gears required:


  • Medium rucksack
  • Duffle bags
  • Padlock to lock the bags
  • Sleeping bag
  • Mat


    Personal Hygiene:


  • Towel
  • Sanitizer
  • Toothpaste and brush
  • Sunblock
  • Anti-mosquito gel
  • Personal Hygiene supplies


     Medical things required:


  • Anti-headache pills
  • Cough and cold medicine
  • Medicine for infection, pain, etc.
  • Anti-diarrhea medicine
  • Water purification tablet
  • Altitude sickness medicine


      Other miscellaneous things:


  • Mobile phones
  • Earplugs
  • Gaming
  • Dry fruits and nuts
  • Charger
  • Battery backup charger
  • Binoculars
  • Cameras




Since the mountaineering in Nepal is growing, the government, as well as the local tourism industry with the proper workforce, needs to work to attract the tourists from around the world.

While you are going for the Mountaineering, there can be difficult choosing the place to stay or the company where you can afford it. is a platform where you can book hotels as well as plan your trip with the compared prices of each hotel and trip packages. We welcome you for the best trekking and tours in Nepal this 2020.